Junior Scientists and Experimental Archaeologists
In SCA rapier, a Junior Scientist is someone who uses their academic or technical knowledge to test various questions about things like armor strength or blade behavior without the benefit of an actual laboratory. Typically their experiments are done in the living room or garage, using available materials.
An experimental archaeologist is someone who attempts to re-create historical artifacts using known or hypothesized historic techniques, rather than modern tools or methods.
Here are reports on some of their work:
Destroying Masks What kind of forces are needed for an SCA rapier blade to destroy a fencing mask?
Combat Anatomy or "If that was a real sword, what would it do to you?"
The Touch-kill Question Why "If you feel it, call it." isn't necessarily correct.